What's the differences between multistage pump vs. single stage Copied by TDRFORCE Water Pump Factory|Manufacturer

What's the differences between multistage pump vs. single stage Writen by TDRFORCE Factory

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What's the differences between multistage pump vs. single stage?

On MarchPump ,the Article "Multistage Chemical Pumps 101"  the follows:

As opposed to the mechanics of the multistage pumps, single-stage pumps only have one pump impeller. The amount of pressure generated by the impeller/volute combination depends on the diameter of the impeller and the speed at which the impeller is turning. For a single-stage pump, the impeller is the sole element for transferring energy to the pumped liquid.

Multistage pumps can increase energy efficiency in the systems they are used in if replacing a single-stage setup. Multi-stage technology offers several advantages over traditional single-stage pumps when used to pump liquids that do not contain abrasives, solids or stringy material.

On the other hand, a disadvantage of very large numbers of stages is the increasing sensitivity of the pump rotor to external or natural vibrations. Multistage pumps maintenance is considered by some to be relatively more difficult than single stage pump. Because of the construction of multistage chemical pumps, each impeller/volute combination can be smaller in diameter and operate with a smaller gap between impeller and volute. This tight clearance between impeller and volute means that multi-stage pumps are not recommended for applications pumping liquids containing solids, abrasives, or stringy material.

For engineers and decision-makers looking to switch from single-stage setups to multistage, developments in multi-stage technology have eliminated the need for piping and pump support rework when retrofitting a multi-stage pump for a single stage pump, making it easier than ever to consider multi-stage pump replacement of traditional single-stage pumps.

The Article "Single Stage Pump vs. Multistage Pump: Which is the Right Choice For You" On angroupcn,  Maybe Said more Clear.

The main difference between single-stage and multi-stage centrifugal pumps is the number of impellers they have, which is called the number of stages of the pump in industrial centrifugal pump industry terms. As the name suggests, single-stage pumps have only one impeller, while multi-stage pumps have two or more impellers. The main difference between single-stage and multi-stage centrifugal pumps is the number of impellers they have, which is called the number of stages of the pump in industrial centrifugal pump industry terms. As the name suggests, single-stage pumps have only one impeller, while multi-stage pumps have two or more impellers

Multistage centrifugal pumps operate by feeding one impeller into the next. As the liquid advances from one impeller to the next, the pressure increases while maintaining the flow rate. The number of impellers required depends on the discharge pressure requirements. The multiple impellers of the multi-stage pump are all mounted on the same shaft and rotate, essentially like separate pumps, and the multi-stage centrifugal pump can be regarded as the sum of the single-stage pumps.
Since a multi-stage pump builds the load by relying on multiple impellers to distribute the pressure of the pump, it can produce more power and higher pressure with a smaller motor and is therefore more energy efficient.

Let's use a table to compare single-stage and multi-stage pumps

Single-stage centrifugal pump Multi-stage centrifugal pump
only one impeller multiple impellers
low-pressure head high-pressure head
simple structure complicated structure

Which is the Right Choice For You?

Which type of water pump is better, is mainly based on field operation data and actual needs to decide. According to the head height, choose a single-stage pump or a multi-stage pump. If single-stage and multi-stage pumps can also be used, single-stage pumps are preferred.

Compared with the multi-stage pump with a complex structure, high maintenance, and very difficult installation, the advantages of the single pump are very obvious. The single pump is simple in structure, small in size, stable in operation, and easy to maintain.

The Article "SHOULD I USE PUMPS IN SERIES OR A MULTISTAGE CENTRIFUGAL PUMP?" Written by Jorie Ballun , is from Efficiency、Space、Pressure Flexibility、Solids、Maintenance、Cost to show the differences.


Typically the multistage pump will win this battle. These pumps have smaller impeller diameters and tighter clearances for higher performance and efficiency. Additionally, expect less motor horsepower to be required. With only one motor, your energy usage should be less with this configuration.


Multi-stage pumps can save on floor space with their vertical configuration. Single stage can also be installed vertically, but multiple, single stage pumps will take up a lot of space in series, regardless of installing vertically or horizontally.

Pressure Flexibility

Assuming a constant flow, a VFD is needed to control the multistage pump and adjust any pressure build.

When piping multiple centrifugal pumps in series, with isolation/bypass options, the flow could potentially be diverted from one or more pumps, thus reducing the pressure generated in a “manual” way.


Multistage centrifugal pumps do not handle solids. If the process fluid contains debris or significant solids, a multistage pump will not be the right selection.


Depending on pump size and quality, single stage pumps will be easier to fix as they have fewer parts and stages. Additionally, with multiple pumps in the system, spares are technically available, or hopefully enough running to keep your process going. But keep in mind that more pumps mean more preventative maintenance as well.


It certainly depends on the pumps chosen and application type, but by evaluating the factors of equipment, piping, labor, energy usage, and maintenance, this category could go either way. In a clean fluid, simple application, generally, the multistage would be recommended.

Making the Choice

Multistage centrifugal pumps offer the benefit of better efficiency due to tighter impeller clearances and smaller impeller diameters. Higher pressure can be achieved with a smaller motor size and less energy. They also have a smaller footprint. Multistage centrifugal pumps can cost more than a little end suction, but running costs will be less. They also do not handle solids and would require a VFD for any sort of pressure variation. But perhaps the biggest watch out is, if the pump goes down, you run the risk of being dead in the water.

Single stage centrifugal pumps in series, with isolation/bypass valves, allow for system flexibility and manual pressure control. Piping can divert flow from a pump if less pressure build is desired, for example. This allows for spare pumps in the system, or at least a few running if failures occur. However, these pumps may not be as efficient, depending upon the impeller type. Motors may be larger than the multi-stage, not to mention the greater quantity of motors required.

The choice between generating more head with multiple pumps or multiple stages is one that is highly dependent upon each application. Be sure to involve an engineer well versed in pumping systems to make this decision.

main purpose for selecting a multistage pump

The main purpose for selecting a multistage pump is to efficiently operate in systems that require a high total head. There is no clear-cut delineation when to move to a multistage pump, which shows that multistage pumps are generally selected above 1,000 feet of total head.

While the fact that multistage pumps produce higher head is the most important application consideration, there are other reasons why a multistage pump would be used. All rotodynamic pumps produce noise, and this noise is contributed to by each of the individual components of the pump. Generally, the noise generated by these pumps is by hydraulic effects that are transmitted to the pump case.

Data has shown that multistage pumps will exhibit lower noise levels when compared to single-stage pumps of the same power levels. This is due to the energy being spread out over multiple stages rather than a single stage. Because of this, multistage pumps may be a better fit when high noise level is
a concern.


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